The multiplicity of roles by women in a family makes them more susceptible to depression. Women usually juggle between many roles including being a mother, wife, care giver, lover, employee, business owner etc. Medical research and statistics reveal that women are twice as likely to be depressed than men. This makes dealing with depression a very important issue to be addressed by women. Depression usually sap you of energy, strength and positive vibes leaving you feeling hopeless, physically and mentally weak, sad and empty. It is impossible to snap out of depression. Its best to take small daily steps and eventually you will find yourself to have fully recovered.
The different forms of depression common in women include:
Major Depression (Depressive Disorder): This is a serious form of depression whereby the woman looses interest in activities she used to enjoy. It affects almost every aspect of her life including work, sleep, social and interpersonal relationships. She could also experience low self-esteem.
Postpartum Depression: This is a special kind of depression that occurs at the birth of a child. It occurs few months after the birth of the child. In some women, it occurs during pregnancy.
Persistent Depressive Disorder: This is a milder form of depression which is actually an extension of a major depression. It might persist for 2 years or more. Major episodes might also occur.
Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder: This depression is directly connected to the women’s menstrual cycle. Symptoms include mood swings, negative thoughts and anxiety. It occurs a week before the start of menstruation and diminishes as soon as the menstrual period begins.
General symptoms of depression include:
- Loss of interest in activities you used to enjoy
- Change in appetite and body weight
- Lack of Energy and Fatigue
- Irritability, anxiousness and guilt
- Panic attack
- Feeling out of control
- Suicidal thoughts or attempts of suicide
- Disinterest in daily activities and relationships
- Inability to concentrate or remember details
Individuals may have some or all of these symptoms at a time.
Cause of depression can be broadly divided into:
- Biology and Hormones
- Psychological Causes
- Social Causes